Te Whaea National Dance & Drama Centre, houses New Zealand's University-level school of Dance and Drama, Toi Whakaari: NZ Drama School & New Zealand School of Dance, and Whitireia Performing Arts Centre. [27] Wellington's status as capital is a result of constitutional convention rather than statute. [92] New Zealanders make up the largest visitor market, with 3.6 million visits each year; New Zealand visitors spend on average NZ$2.4 million a day. As a capital city university, we have strong relationships with business and government. It is serviced by flights from across New Zealand, Australia, Singapore and Fiji. This year's calendar opens on December 1 with new designs from local artist, Kate McGuinness to bring some more colour to the festive season. We have reviews of the best places to see in Wellington. [60] "Foreigners get more bang for their buck in Wellington, which is among the cheapest cities in the world to live", according to a 2009 article, which reported that currency fluctuations make New Zealand cities affordable for multinational firms to do business: "New Zealand cities were now more affordable for expatriates and were competitive places for overseas companies to develop business links and send employees". Discover the city’s Maori roots at the Museum of Wellington City & Sea and the Museum of New Zealand. The majority of television production moved to Auckland over the 1980s, culminating in the opening of TVNZ's new Auckland television centre in 1989. Old St Paul's is an example of 19th-century Gothic Revival architecture adapted to colonial conditions and materials, as is St Mary of the Angels. It is also the country's cultural capital and the third most populous urban area in New Zealand. The hottest recorded temperature in the city is 31.1 °C (88 °F), while −1.9 °C (29 °F) is the coldest. [128], Wellington and the Hutt Valley were two of the original nine towns and cities in New Zealand to be supplied with natural gas when the Kapuni gas field entered production in 1970, and a 260-kilometre-long (160 mi) high-pressure pipeline from the field in Taranaki to the city was completed. [78] Three-quarters (73%) walked to work or university, 13% travelled by car, 6% by bus, 2% bicycled (although 31% own bicycles), and did not travel very far since 73% worked or studied in the central city. 5,751 degrees, diplomas and certificates were awarded. One of New Zealand's brightest young prospects gets first taste of professional football, less than three months after signing from Wellington's Western Suburbs. With a latitude of 41° 17' South, Wellington is the southernmost capital city in the world. ... Find maps, learn about New Zealand’s seat of government, and explore things to do in the country’s cultural capital. [5] Its metropolitan area comprises four local authorities: Wellington City, on the peninsula between Cook Strait and Wellington Harbour, contains the central business district; Porirua on Porirua Harbour to the north is notable for its large Māori and Pacific Island communities; Lower Hutt and Upper Hutt are largely suburban areas to the northeast, together known as the Hutt Valley. [86] It has a much higher proportion of people with tertiary qualifications than the national average. View the garden. Wellington features a temperate maritime climate, and is the world's windiest city by average wind speed. There were 80 vessels booked for visits in the 2011/12 season – estimated to inject more than NZ$31 million into the economy and representing a 74% increase in the space of two years. "[74], Wellington experienced a real estate boom in the early 2000s and the effects of the international property bust at the start of 2007. European settlement began with the arrival of an advance party of the New Zealand Company on the ship Tory on 20 September 1839, followed by 150 settlers on the Aurora on 22 January 1840. The earthquake damaged a considerable number of buildings, with 65% of the damage being in Wellington. More than most cities, life is dominated by its central business district (CBD). Wellington lies at the southern end of the North Island Main Trunk railway (NIMT) and the Wairarapa Line, converging on Wellington railway station at the northern end of central Wellington. Several hundred minor faults lines have been identified within the urban area. All electorates are held by the governing Labour Party. As it is the capital city, there are many notable government buildings. [94], It has been argued that the construction of the Te Papa museum helped transform Wellington into a tourist destination. [49] It releases as much energy as a magnitude 7 quake, but as it happens slowly there is no damage. Wellington boasts a compact downtown area that’s easy to explore on foot and a wealth of architectural styles, from 19th-century wooden cottages to Art Deco masterpieces. [53][54], At two minutes after midnight on Monday 14 November 2016, the 7.8 magnitude Kaikoura earthquake, which was centred between Culverden and Kaikoura in the South Island, caused the Wellington CBD, Victoria University of Wellington, and the Wellington suburban rail network to be largely closed for the day to allow inspections. ZEALANDIA is the world’s first fully-fenced urban ecosanctuary, with an extraordinary 500-year vision to restore a Wellington valley’s forest and freshwater ecosystems as closely as possible to their pre-human state. [117], The Wellington urban area lies within four territorial authorities: Wellington City, Porirua, Lower Hutt and Upper Hutt. In 2005, the market was described as "robust". Wellington is New Zealand's centre of government and the world's southernmost capital city. Each electorate returns one member to the New Zealand House of Representatives. Four electrified suburban lines radiate from Wellington railway station to the outer suburbs to the north of Wellington – the Johnsonville Line through the hillside suburbs north of central Wellington; the Kapiti Line along the NIMT to Waikanae on the Kapiti Coast via Porirua and Paraparaumu; the Melling Line to Lower Hutt via Petone; and the Hutt Valley Line along the Wairarapa Line via Waterloo and Taitā to Upper Hutt. [3] It is also the most remote capital city, the farthest away from any other capital. "[78][79], Households are primarily one-family, making up 66.9% of households, followed by single-person households (24.7%); there were fewer multiperson households and even fewer households containing two or more families. [107][108] Recent films shot partly or wholly in Wellington include the Lord of The Rings trilogy, King Kong and Avatar. Wellington buzzes with delicatessens, cafes and restaurants – it’s a city that enjoys gourmet food and fine wine. It was first measured in 2003, and reappeared in 2008 and 2013. Between 1924 and 1968, the city's supply was supplemented by a coal-fired power station at Evans Bay.[127]. We are New Zealand’s top-ranked university for research intensity and consistently rank among the world’s best universities in the QS World Rankings. Road access into the capital is constrained by the mountainous terrain – between Wellington and the Kapiti Coast, SH 1 travels along the Centennial Highway, a narrow section of road, and between Wellington and Wairarapa SH 2 transverses the Rimutaka Ranges on a similar narrow winding road. The suburb of Porirua lies on Porirua Harbour to the north. See all the latest news. Subsequently, a number of recent buildings were demolished rather than being rebuilt, often a decision made by the insurer. Discover the city’s Maori roots at the Museum of Wellington City & Sea and the Museum of New Zealand. Emerging Kiwi filmmakers, like Robert Sarkies, Taika Waititi, Costa Botes and Jennifer Bush-Daumec,[110] are extending the Wellington-based lineage and cinematic scope. [99] The long-term domestic marketing strategy was a finalist in the 2011 CAANZ Media Awards. The 1840 settlers constructed their first homes at Petone (which they called Britannia for a time) on the flat area at the mouth of the Hutt River. [136] In November 1969, WNTV1 was networked with its counterpart stations in Auckland, Christchurch and Dunedin to form NZBC TV. Lovingly crafted, artisanal, hand made single-origin and inclusion chocolate the heart of Wellington. These counts are from the 2013 census for the Wellington region (which includes the surrounding area in addition to the four cities). Kind of a cross between that and Hawaii. [98] In the decade to 2010, the city saw growth of over 60% in commercial guest nights. These are separate entities that share the building's facilities. [132], There are four wastewater treatment stations serving the region, located at:[133], The city faces challenges with ageing infrastructure for the three waters and there have been some significant failures, particularly in wastewater systems. The Learning Connexion provides art classes. Known as the culinary capital of New Zealand, Wellington is famous for its tucked-away bars, quirky cafes, award-winning restaurants and great coffee. The 1942 Wairarapa earthquakes caused considerable damage in Wellington. [101], Wellington is a popular conference tourism destination due to its compact nature, cultural attractions, award-winning restaurants and access to government agencies. Its school of design was established in 1886 and has research centres for studying public health, sleep, Maori health, small & medium enterprises, disasters, and tertiary teaching excellence. The high-pressure transmission pipelines supplying Wellington are now owned and operated by First Gas, with Powerco owning and operating the medium- and low-pressure distribution pipelines within the urban area.[129]. Wellington suffered serious damage in a series of earthquakes in 1848[42] and from another earthquake in 1855. Over six months in 1939 and 1940 Wellington hosted the New Zealand Centennial Exhibition, celebrating a century since the signing of the Treaty of Waitangi. Wellington is twinned with the following cities:[137], It also has historical ties with Chania, Greece; Harrogate, England; and Çanakkale, Turkey. On the east the Remutaka Range divides Wellington from the broad plains of the Wairarapa, a wine region of national notability. For this reason, the street named Lambton Quay is 100 to 200 metres (325 to 650 ft) from the harbour – plaques set into the footpath mark the shoreline in 1840, indicating the extent of reclamation. Coco is one of those hidden gem stores that you need to seek out. [125][126], Wellington's first public electricity supply was established in 1904, alongside the introduction of electric trams, and was originally supplied at 105 volts 80 hertz. Now is the time to showcase that community spirit by getting out, playing it safe and supporting local, Give the gift of Wellington this holiday season with our festive guide inspired by everything the region has to offer, Experience World of WearableArt like never before in this immersive exhibition at Te Papa, Offbeat, unconventional and original, Wellington is a place where city meets nature and is incomparable to anywhere else on earth, There's so much to see and do in the coolest little capital. Wellington boasts a compact downtown area that’s easy to explore on foot and a wealth of architectural styles, from 19th-century wooden cottages to Art Deco masterpieces. airport", "Defence House in Wellington to be demolished after investigations show repairs to earthquake damage uneconomic", "Unacceptable performance of building says Minister", "Maersk to return to Wellington when CentrePort's cranes are repaired", "Age and sex by ethnic group (grouped total response), for census usually resident population counts, 2006, 2013, and 2018 Censuses (urban rural areas)", "Worldwide Cost of Living survey 2009–City ranking released–Mercer survey", "You get more for your money in Wellington", "Religion | Wellington City | profile.id", "Census 2013: Data reveals most religious region", "2013 Census QuickStats about culture and identity – Birthplace and people born overseas", "Ethnic group (detailed total response - level 3) by age and sex, for the census usually resident population count, 2006, 2013, and 2018 Censuses (RC, TA, SA2, DHB)", "Kinetic Sculpture by Tony Nicholls – Enjoy Public Art Gallery", "Zephyrometer – The second of the Meridian Energy wind sculptures", "Central City Apartment Dwellers Survey – a summary of results", "It's a great life downtown ... except for the noise", 2013 Census QuickStats about a place : Wellington Region, "The Encyclopedia of NZ – Economic fall and rise: 1976–2006", "Wellington businesses are fighting back", "Wellington Facts & Figures – Census Summaries – 2006 – Occupation & Qualifications – New Zealand", "2013 Census QuickStats about work and unpaid activities", "Screen Industry Survey: 2007/08 – (spreadsheet – see pages 5, 8)", "Lonely Planet Names Wellington One of 2011's Top 10 Cities", "Positively Wellington Tourism Campaign Up for Awards Again", "Rates – How Rates are Calculated – Targeted Rates – Wellington – New Zealand", "Absolutely Positively Wellington > WellingtonNZ", "PWT Campaign Finalist in CAANZ Media Awards | WellingtonNZ.com", "Cruise Friendly Destination Hits Record", "Wellington Folk Festival, Labour Weekend, New Zealand", "Editorial: Wellywood bonanza may be an illusion", "Wellington: Film capital of New Zealand", "High-flyer Peter Jackson's jet set upgrade", "New Zealand International Comedy Festival", "8 of the world's great coffee cities - CNN.com", "Wellington café culture – Wellington café culture", "Deluxe Espresso Bar | NZHistory, New Zealand history online", "New Zealand Cuisine – Cuisine Influences", "About us | Greater Wellington Regional Council", "Victoria University of Wellington – website", "Wellington Campus – the Creative Campus", "Commuterview New Zealand, 2006 Census of Population and Dwellings", "Transport volume : Public transport volumes", "Calls for Wellington Airport to extend runway", "Upper Hutt wants a longer runway at Wellington Airport, for flights to Asia", "Evans Bay Power Station – Engineering New Zealand", "EDB Information Disclosure Requirements – Wellington Electricity Lines Limited – year ended 31 March 2018", "Our water history – on tap Water supply in the Wellington region 1867–2006", "Bulk water supply – live | Greater Wellington Regional Council", "Watermap | Greater Wellington Regional Council", "Wellington Lifelines Project – Regional Resilience Report", "Wellington Lifelines Group calls for 20-year investment programme to guard against major earthquake", "International Relations – Sister Cities", "Wellington City Annual Economic Profile 2013", Official NZ Tourism website for Wellington, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Wellington&oldid=991446845, Former provincial capitals of New Zealand, Populated places in the Wellington Region, Pages with non-numeric formatnum arguments, Articles with dead external links from December 2017, Articles with permanently dead external links, Short description is different from Wikidata, All Wikipedia articles written in New Zealand English, Pages using infobox settlement with possible nickname list, Articles with unsourced statements from September 2019, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2014, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Articles needing additional references from May 2019, All articles needing additional references, Articles with unsourced statements from December 2017, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz area identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, six pool games and two quarter-final games at the, The 2014 World Field Target Championships, Seaview (serving Lower Hutt and Upper Hutt), Porirua (serving northern Wellington suburbs, Tawa and Porirua city), This page was last edited on 30 November 2020, at 02:51. New Zealand’s capital city, Wellington, is safe, compact, and friendly. These include Otari-Wilton's Bush, dedicated to the protection and propagation of native plants. Two long-distance services leave from Wellington: the Capital Connection, for commuters from Palmerston North, and the Northern Explorer to Auckland. Klik på et af linket til New zealand byer nedenfor. To the north stretch the golden beaches of the Kapiti Coast. Residents place their confidence in good building regulations, which became more stringent in the 20th century. The capital city is also the location of the highest court, the Supreme Court of New Zealand, and the historic former High Court building (opened 1881) has been enlarged and restored for its use. Wellington is home to the New Zealand Academy of Fine Arts and the Arts Foundation of New Zealand. Wellington's economy is primarily service-based, with an emphasis on finance, business services, and government. There were 196,911 males and 204,936 females, giving a sex ratio of 0.961 males per female. The land to the west of this rises abruptly, meaning that many suburbs sit high above the centre of the city. Wellington is a deeply caring community that enjoys coming together to have fun, celebrate and remember. New Zealand is famous for a vibrant creative culture fuelled by great food, wine, craft beer, coffee and events. Thus the Wellington settlement preceded the signing of the Treaty of Waitangi (on 6 February 1840). The city's arts centre, Toi Pōneke, is a nexus of creative projects, collaborations, and multi-disciplinary production. 30 November 2020. [76] "From 2004 to early 2007, rental yields were eroded and positive cash flow property investments disappeared as house values climbed faster than rents. Other notable buildings include Wellington Town Hall, Wellington railway station, Dominion Museum (now Massey University), Aon Centre (Wellington), Wellington Regional Stadium, and Wellington Airport at Rongotai. The narrow entrance to the harbour is to the east of the Miramar Peninsula, and contains the dangerous shallows of Barrett Reef, where many ships have been wrecked (notably the inter-island ferry TEV Wahine in 1968). In the year to March 2018, Wellington Electricity disclosed the average customer spent just 55 minutes without power due to unplanned outages. [88] In addition, Wellington is an important centre of the New Zealand film and theatre industry, and second to Auckland in terms of numbers of screen industry businesses. According to Māori tradition, Wellington Harbour was originally a lake and home to two great taniwha (mythic water monsters) named Ngāke and Whataitai. [37] The city is notorious for its southerly blasts in winter, which may make the temperature feel much colder. 24 festive doorways are waiting to be opened! Today, Wellington is supplied from nine Transpower substations, however the design of the transmission system means that the city is ultimately fed by only two Transpower substations: Haywards and Wilton. [4], The position of Wellington as capital of New Zealand is not defined in legislation, but established by convention. Of the total population, 74,892 people (18.6%) were aged up to 15 years, 93,966 (23.4%) were 15 to 29, 185,052 (46.1%) were 30 to 64, and 47,952 (11.9%) were 65 or older. Wellington showcases a variety of architectural styles from the past 150 years – 19th-century wooden cottages (Painted Ladies), such as the Italianate Katherine Mansfield Birthplace in Thorndon; streamlined Art Deco structures such as the old Wellington Free Ambulance headquarters, the Central Fire Station, Fountain Court Apartments, the City Gallery, and the former Post and Telegraph Building; and the curves and vibrant colours of post-modern architecture in the CBD. Our gardens. Wellington contains many iconic sculptures and structures, such as the Bucket Fountain in Cuba Street and Invisible City by Anton Parsons on Lambton Quay. [citation needed]. 14. Escape your routine and reclaim the weekend with an invigorating, restful, delicious and inspiring 48 hours in Wellington, {{ getExtra(item) ? Discover all the best in both international designers and Australian brands when you choose to shop, the David Jones Wellington store. [138], This article is about the city in New Zealand. [80], In December 2019, Quotable Value reported the average house price for Wellington metro was $747,000, ranging from $603,000 in Upper Hutt to $978,000 in the western suburbs of Wellington City.[81]. Wellington boasts a compact downtown area that’s easy to explore on foot and a wealth of architectural styles, from 19th-century wooden cottages to Art Deco masterpieces. The conversion to the now-standard 230/400 volts 50 hertz began in 1925, the same year the city was connected to the Mangahao hydroelectric scheme. Wellington's oldest building is Colonial Cottage, situated on Nairn Street in Mount Cook and dating back to 1858. 925. [78] The large majority (88%) did not have children in their apartments; 39% were couples without children; 32% were single-person households; 15% were groups of people flatting together. New Zealand Symphony Orchestra, Nevine String Quartet and Chamber music New Zealand are based in Wellington. The Waitangi Tribunal has found that at the time of the signing of the Treaty of Waitangi in 1840, Te Atiawa, Taranaki, Ngati Ruanui, Ngati Tama, and Ngati Toa held mana whenua interests in the area, through conquest and occupation. [59], Wellington ranks 12th in the world for quality of living,[6] according to a 2014 study by consulting company Mercer; of cities in the Asia–Pacific region, Wellington ranked third behind Auckland and Sydney (as of 2014[update]). Wellington (Māori: Te Whanganui-a-Tara [tɛ ˈfaŋanʉi a taɾa]) is the capital city of New Zealand. Kia Kaha New Zealand, Stay Strong. The present building was opened in February 1990 by HRH The Duke of … Wellington is also home to several of the largest and oldest cultural institutions in the nation, such the National Archives, the National Library, the Museum of New Zealand Te Papa Tongarewa, and numerous theatres. [18] However, the primary settlement of Wellington is said to have been executed by Tara, the son of Whatonga, a chief from the Mahia Peninsula, who told his son to travel south, to find more fertile lands to settle. "[109], Sometime Wellington directors Jane Campion and Geoff Murphy have reached the world's screens with their independent spirit. [78] Most (56%) owned their apartment; 42% rented (of renters, 16% paid NZ$351 to NZ$450 per week, 13% paid less and 15% paid more – only 3% paid more than NZ$651 per week). One of the founders of the settlement, Edward Jerningham Wakefield, reported that the settlers "took up the views of the directors with great cordiality and the new name was at once adopted". [114][115] There are a few iconic cafes that started the obsession with coffee that Wellington has. 12. [38][39], On 29 January 2019, the suburb of Kelburn reached 30.3 °C (87 °F), the highest temperature since records began in 1927.[40]. Local ferries connect Wellington city centre with Eastbourne and Seatoun. In addition, there are a number of Wellington-based list MPs, who are elected via party lists. It is also covered by three Māori electorates: Ikaroa-Rāwhiti, Te Tai Hauāuru, and Te Tai Tonga. Founded in December 1841, it now owns an elegant seven-storey building on the same Terrace site as the previous two Clubhouses. Industry has developed mainly in the Hutt Valley, where there are food-processing plants, engineering industries, vehicle assembly and oil refineries.[32]. [25] Prior to this time, the Māori inhabitants had had contact with Pākehā whalers and traders.[26]. [20], Legends recount that Kupe discovered and explored the region in about the 10th century. Cruise tourism is experiencing a major boom in line with nationwide development. Many of New Zealand's prominent comedians have either come from Wellington or got their start there, such as Ginette McDonald ("Lyn of Tawa"), Raybon Kan, Dai Henwood, Ben Hurley, Steve Wrigley, Guy Williams, the Flight of the Conchords and the satirist John Clarke ("Fred Dagg"). Wellington is also part of the wider Wellington Region, administered by the Greater Wellington Region Council. A diesel-hauled carriage service, the Wairarapa Connection, connects several times daily to Masterton in the Wairarapa via the 8.8-kilometre-long (5.5 mi) Rimutaka Tunnel. At the same time, the Wellington studios moved to the new purpose-built Avalon Television Centre in Lower Hutt. Wellington is at the south-western tip of the North Island on Cook Strait, separating the North and South Islands. The area has high seismic activity even by New Zealand standards, with a major fault, the Wellington Fault, running through the centre of the city and several others nearby. [6] Wellington has become more affordable in terms of cost of living relative to cities worldwide, with its ranking moving from 93rd (more expensive) to 139th (less expensive) in 2009, probably as a result of currency fluctuations during the global economic downturn from March 2008 to March 2009. It has been used as a quarantine station for people and animals, and was an internment camp during World War I and World War II. The sheets of paper were glued together to form a 270-metre roll and submitted to parliament in Wellington. It has been promoted through a variety of campaigns and taglines, starting with the iconic Absolutely Positively Wellington advertisements. Your browser does not support the video tag. The New Zealand Parliament relocated to the new capital city, having spent the first ten years of its existence in Auckland. Wellington's scenic natural harbour and green hillsides adorned with tiered suburbs of colonial villas are popular with tourists. One of these is the Deluxe Expresso Bar that opened in 1988. 'View' : 'Hide' }} filters, Wellington i-SITE Visitor Information Centre, Wellington International Student Excellence Awards, Work in Wellington’s world-class companies, Collaboration is key to Wellington’s business success, Summer of Tech providing incredible work insights, Regional Development, Destination & Attraction. A child born in New Zealand on or after 03.12.2004 shall be a citizen of India by descent, if either of the parents ( father or mother ) is an Indian citizen at the time of birth of the child and the birth of the child has been registered with The High Commission of India, Wellington within one year of the birth. Only Matiu/Somes Island is large enough for habitation.
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